Impact Evaluation of the USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change project in Zambia
Period of Performance: January 2013 – July 2018
Cloudburst worked with program implementers to design a four-arm randomized control trial (RCT) impact evaluation (IE) of the USAID TGCC project in Zambia. TGCC supported agroforestry extension services and worked to increase tenure security at the chiefdom, village and household levels in the Chipata District of Zambia’s Eastern Province. The IE explored the relationship between secure customary land tenure and development goals related to climate change adaptation and mitigation.
The IE was designed to assess the direct and joint impacts of agroforestry extension services and customary tenure strengthening on five outcome families including: changes in household perceptions of tenure security over smallholdings; land governance and management; household uptake of agroforestry and tree survivorship; changes in planned and actual agricultural investment; and agricultural productivity and livelihood improvements.
Prior to the start of program activities, baseline data collection took place in July–August 2014, and endline data collection occurred in July–August 2017, following the completion of TGCC.
Through this contract, Cloudburst accomplished the following:
- The evaluation assessed the impact of the TGCC program on household outcomes in 285 communities using four primary sources of baseline and endline data including 3,390 household surveys, 285 headperson surveys, 568 key informant interviews, and 62 FGDs. Cloudburst also rigorously evaluated the program impact on vulnerable populations such as women, poor and youth. The primary data analysis was supplemented by geospatial data and M&E data collected by both the TGCC project and evaluation teams.
- The data and analysis allowed Cloudburst to provide robust findings on the direct and joint impacts of the TGCC agroforestry extension and tenure security strengthening interventions and to generate pertinent recommendations for future USAID programming.
- Cloudburst produced various content to share key findings including policy briefs, technical reports, PowerPoint presentations, posters, data visualizations and photos essays. For example, Cloudburst designed an interactive web-based data visualization page to highlight key outcomes of the evaluations. Cloudburst also designed an innovative methodology to share evaluation findings with the communities where evaluation data was collected. These exercises provided an opportunity for the study communities to learn about, reflect on and validate the analyzed data. Findings and recommendations were also disseminated to local stakeholders and Mission staff to inform USAID’s research agenda and policy and programming. The endline evaluation materials are currently undergoing external review. A Baseline Report, Design Report, Pre-Analysis Plan and other materials are available through LandLinks.